Facilities

Hydrates and Ices Laboratory
British Geological Survey
Keyworth
Keith Bateman

The Hydrates and Ice laboratory is a specialised facility that has been used for 10 years to study the behaviour of gas hydrates within sediments. Within this facility are temperature controlled cabinets of volumes from 0.5-20 cubic metres, capable of controlled temperatures in the range -20°C to + 50°C. Pressurised equipment can be placed within the cabinets, with an upper pressure limit of approximately 500 bars. This facility can be used for investigating low temperature processes of phases such as ice and gas hydrates, with application to permafrost environments and deep-water sediments. As well as the equipment in which gas hydrates can be formed, BGS can also undertake cryogenic scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM) and cryogenic X-ray diffraction (cryo-XRD), both of which are capable of analysing cryo-preserved samples of hydrates or ice.

  • 3x3x2.4 m 'Cold Room' capable of maintaining stable temperatures from -20°C to +10°C
  • Large (1,200 litre) cooled incubator capable of maintaining stable temperatures from -10°C to +50°C
  • Medium-sized (600 litre) cooled incubator capable of maintaining stable temperatures from -10°C to +50°C
  • 2 small (200 litre) cooled incubators capable of maintaining stable temperatures from -10°C to +50°C
  • Formation of CO₂ hydrate in deep-water sediments, and its relationship with pore fluids and mineral grains. With application to sub-surface storage of CO₂, and hydrate stability.

BGSHydrates-equipment

BGSHydrate-puck1 1