The Hydrates and Ice laboratory is a specialised facility that has been used for 10 years to study the behaviour of gas hydrates within sediments. Within this facility are temperature controlled cabinets of volumes from 0.5-20 cubic metres, capable of controlled temperatures in the range -20°C to + 50°C. Pressurised equipment can be placed within the cabinets, with an upper pressure limit of approximately 500 bars. This facility can be used for investigating low temperature processes of phases such as ice and gas hydrates, with application to permafrost environments and deep-water sediments. As well as the equipment in which gas hydrates can be formed, BGS can also undertake cryogenic scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM) and cryogenic X-ray diffraction (cryo-XRD), both of which are capable of analysing cryo-preserved samples of hydrates or ice.